Scarlet fever is a poze scarlatina copii illness that mainly affects kids aged 5-15 years. It’s caused by group A streptococcus bacteria, the same ones that cause strep throat. The bacteria make a toxin that causes the bright red, bumpy rash that gives scarlet fever its name. The rash may feel rough like sandpaper and can itch. It usually starts on the neck, face or chest and then spreads to the trunk, arms and legs. The creases in the armpits, elbows and groin are often a darker red. The rash can be harder to see on people with darker skin. Once the rash fades, it can leave patches of sandpaper-like skin that may peel for weeks.
Is scarlet fever painful?
Before antibiotics, scarlet fever used to be a very serious illness. It could lead to life-threatening complications, including heart problems (rheumatic fever). It’s important to get treatment early so that the infection doesn’t get worse.
To confirm the diagnosis of scarlet fever, your child’s doctor will ask them about their symptoms. They’ll also swab the back of their throat to get a sample of the bacteria that are causing the infection. This will be sent to a laboratory for testing. If the doctor thinks that your child has scarlet fever, they will give them a course of antibiotics to kill the bacteria and prevent serious complications. They’ll recommend that your child stays off nursery, school or work while they’re taking antibiotics.
To prevent spreading the bacteria, it’s a good idea to cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue and throw them away immediately. Washing hands often with soap and water is also important, especially after using a tissue and before eating.