Labradors make excellent family dogs and many labs have been showered with so much love and affection that they end up being a very prized pet. Many first bred labs were saved from terrible environments as puppies and put up for adoption by loving families who realized the potential of this unique breed. Now these dogs are recognized by most veterinarians and breed clubs as having a wonderful temperament, fine muscular development and good health.

American Kennel Club (AKC) records show that there has been some degree of genetic improvement in labradors over the years. These dogs are well known for their energy, intelligence, and beauty and are frequently listed in AKC registries as “Fortunate rescued”. The British and Australian Labradors have also been shown to be refined and gentler compared to the American Labrador Retriever.

Labradors are often crossbred with several other breeds including the Saint Bernard, Doberman Pincher, Golden Retriever, and White Shepherd to form working type labs. This designer canine is excellent for those families who want a working type of dog and do not want an overly large or strong dog. Working labs are excellent for retrieving, tracking, and herding in addition to being great family dogs. They make ideal companions for the elderly, disabled, or any person with an adventurous nature.

Most working labs are a bit heavier than the standard size, but most have no problem shedding. The docked coat is often matted and results in hair loss for many owners, especially those with large families. Some labs have had the clipped coat removed entirely and replaced with the water filled version which sheds less than the standard coat and looks just like a standard lab. Labs are very versatile, ranking number one in the working category in the AKC’s popular shedding survey.

Labradors with the water filled coat shed less and have less health issues then the other two types of labs listed above. This is due to a number of reasons including proper training, health issues, genetics, and diet. These coats have also been proven to be attractive to the opposite sex. This is good news for pet lovers as well as people looking for a pet.

If you would like to add some personality to your lab, working labs are perfect for this. They have a friendly, playful, and energetic disposition that makes them great companions for children, and great pets for adults. Labrador retrievers have also been bred to work, proving they have the strength and endurance it takes to be a great watchdog for hunters. Any responsible Labrador owner should have their lab trained and be ready to go at any time. So if you would like a loving companion and a devoted watchdog, then consider buying a labrador retriever today. You will not be disappointed.

Read More

Time in physics is simply defined by its definition: time is how a clock reads. In classical, no-relativity physics, it’s a scalar value (often called the tiniest scalar), representing time as the passage of one complete measure (a sub-period). This can be thought of as the definition of time because it closely relates to the definition of time. In this case, time is simply the difference between the beginning of one synchronized measure and the ending of another.



Einstein’s general relativity (GCD) demonstrated that time and space are actually different and not equivalent. His special theory of relativity (SPR) generalized time and space to include time and matter as well as gravity. This theory explained time and accelerated motion as arising from a single source at a single position. The SPR further explained that a single source of time can be compared to a set of reference frames that contain independent reference frames. This concept was later adopted and became the classic model of the universal law of time.

Galilean relativity describes time as an optical illusion caused by motion. Galilean time does not correspond to any real external reference frame. In fact, when observing clocks, observers only see a rotating globe where the clocks appear to have been traveling in separate directions.

Einstein’s special theory of relativity made it possible for clocks to be used to measure motion. To do this, clocks could be made to run on reference frames such as disks with atomic weights placed within them or on the very small masses around them. Einstein’s special theory of relativity solved the problem of time dilation by assuming that each reference frame was stationary, while each moving reference frame was deformed due to its motion relative to the rest. This assumption solved the problem of time dilation, as well as the Einstein-Podolsky paradox.

Albert Einstein was one of the most outstanding physicists of all time. His special theory of relativity not only explained time and the cosmos as we know it, but also gravity. It predicted the existence of space-time, which he called a worm hole. Einstein’s special theory of relativity further explained the accelerating expansion of the universe and the nature of matter. The Nobel Prize winner’s special theory of relativity further provided solutions to the problems of general relativity. Albert Einstein was also an outstanding scientist, specializing in both physics and mathematics.

If time travel is possible, then someone could possibly visit the past and future using a clock. A clock could be built to transport information from the present to the past or the future. One way to do this would be to build a time machine. A time machine is a device that would allow someone to go back in time using a stolen from today. Another way would be to use a space-time continuum to warp the clock to go back in time. If a time machine does exist, there is certainly no stopping it from transporting information from our present into the past or the future.

Read More

When you hear the word “spin”, what comes into your mind? You might think of a little ball bouncing on the floor or you might imagine a ribbon of light spinning around a light bulb. In either case, spin is a force that acts in a direction that cannot be predicted. The direction of spin is always the same, which is always in the same plane as the spin axis (aka the “speed of light”). If you would like to get more information about spin, you can learn more about it from the Physics Properties of Spins tutorial page.


What is spin exactly? The simplest description would be “piece motion”. For example, when two balls are thrown, one of them will spin, while the other will remain still. Spin is an inherent form of electromagnetic momentum carried via elementary particles, which includes atomic nuclei and various composite particles.

How does spin carry energy? Like all the other particles in the world, spin can be “bounced” or “moved” to another state. For instance, an electron can be “entrusted” with a particular orbital state, which gives the electron a particular electric charge. An electron can only be in a single orbital at a given time; it cannot be in two different orbital states at once. And so, if we take into consideration all these basic laws of classical ( Newtonian ) physics, it becomes clear that spin is also involved in Quantum mechanics.

Let’s look into spin in more detail. Basically, spin is a virtual particle that can be observed by looking at a rotating system, like the surface of an atom. The spin is a resultant of the angular momentum of the system, which is a constant. There are two forces that result from spin, namely the force that is caused by the spin axis of a system, and the force that is caused by the spin motion of a distant point from the central axis of rotation.

In the case of the nuclear Physics atom, spin is carried through the nucleus as a result of the mutual spin attraction between the neutrons and protons. Thus, the nucleus can have a spin. The electron spin is a subatomic particle that is unique to a specific atom. When the atom has a lone proton, there is no electron spin; the only thing that can give it a spin is a bonding between the electron and the neutrons that results in a bonding energy, which can be used as a source of electricity.

In terms of the entire physics of the atom, spin plays a crucial role in the behavior of sub atomic particles. In many cases, spin is considered to be an emergent property of some sort, without any physical cause or explanation. Particles with a high level of spin appear to move faster than particles with a lower level of spin. This is why spin is taken into account when calculating the energy levels of particles in the laboratory.

Read More